Ethics is concerned with the standards and values that we use to achieve the highest ideals of how a person ought to live and interact with others respectfully. Ethics looks at "why" an action may be right or wrong. As guidance practitioners, ethics is at the heart of our work and should be at the forefront of our minds.
When we look at ethical questions, it is important to have an understanding of the definitions of some of the key concepts which include the following:-
“Confidentiality is an obligation to respect the privacy of clients, specifically to the information communicated” Ethical and Professional Issues in Counseling: R. Rocco Cottone, Vilia M. Tarvydas (Merrill, 1998) - such as during a guidance counselling session. This includes all information.
Informed consent means that the client is providing consent, having been fully informed of possible risks involved, the limitations of the relationships, and the safeguards in place.
Dual relationship can be defined as “A professional relationship, and additionally, a simultaneous or contiguous personal and non-professional relationship” Ethical and Professional Issues in Counseling: R. Rocco Cottone, Vilia M. Tarvydas (Merrill, 1998).
The following image signposts some of the areas you might like to consider, as part of your ethical framework. Is there anything else that you might include, which could inform you?